HYOWON LEE  B.Eng., M.Sc., Ph.D.
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Designer-Researcher at Singapore University of Technology and Design
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MY WORK & PROGRESS in 2002
Here is the list of the major events & work I have been doing in 2002.



    

Centre website re-design (December 2002)
I re-designed the website of Centre for Digital Video Processing - the previous design I designed in April 1999, and since then a few additions have been made ad-hoc fashion and also the common web design trend has also changed last 3 years. I don't support the idea of re-designing ever so frequently, but after 3 years I have been feeling increasingly uncomfortable with the old design. The new design uses less images - only the necessary logos, diagrams, face photos are images, and I hope it looks more like a proper academic site.

 

Invited Talk at The Open Video Project, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (25 November 2002)
I was invited by Interaction Design Lab (who is working on The Open Video Project) in Chapel Hill, NC, and gave a talk on Físchlár system (interface explanation, brief history of the system, current status, and participation to TREC2002 Video Track the week before).

 

Attended TREC-2002 Conference at Gaithersburg, Maryland (19-22 November 2002)
Alan, Paul, Jiamin, Kieran and I went to the conference and did boaster session, poster session and demo of Físchlár-TREC2002 system (liked as a "cool system").

 

Invited Talk at Fraunhofer Institute, Germany (25-26 October 2002)
I was invited by MARS Exploratory Media Lab (Fraunhofer Institute Media Communication, Sankt Augustin, Germany) to give a talk. The MARS Lab's Internet platform Netzspannung.org is an archive for media staging, artistic production and inter-media research. My talk on Físchlár was in the 1st panel in the 2nd day's morning, I hope it was some contribution in brainstorm at the Workshop. I guess my talk on Físchlár at the Workshop was highlighted by the fact that it was a quite established, stabilised system that already has been used for a few years with many users regularly using it. I think the excellent interpreting service, hospitality, and very interesting talks (I am first in such a media art related event with so many fashionable folks) made the workshop valuable.

 

User interface design for interactive system for TREC Video track 2002 (April - August 2002)
I have initiated and co-ordinated the user-interface design for the interfaceive system for Físchlár-TREC 2002. With my initial mock-up design, our group has discussed and I brought up the result in the next meeting, discussion again, and so on - this iterative refinement using mock-up HTML design went through 5 iterations within our group. The final design has been set and the system uses the final interface, though a few important changes were made while Kieran worked on implementation. The interactive system developed is my dream system, allowing 10 features and ASR transcript queriable against a closed set of 40-hour digital video collection. Internal generation of XML video description in MPEG-7 format, use of XSL & SVG taking this XML description for dynamically present web-based interface. Fanciest and most sophisticated variation of Físchlár.

 

Design of mFíschlár-NEWS for iPAQ (April 2002)
This work is my paper #4 since PhD completion last year (1st: WIAMIS 2001, 2nd: HCI 2002, 3rd: JoDI) - Alan & I have designed an iPAQ interface for Físchlár-NEWS archive access. This took quite some time for thinking and discussion with Alan. Based on Andy Donal's 28-day analysis of daily RTE1 news, we came up with an idea of a mobile system which presents most recent and personalised news stories to the user. A little bit futuristic but most of the individual elements are already there. The work was later (August) published and presented by Alan at SIGIR 2002 Workshop on Mobile Personal IR, in Finland.



 

Publishing my first journal paper (February 2002)
I wrote and published a journal paper based on my PhD thesis (plus and minus a few things, though) - this journal (Journal of Digital Information) is referried and only available online, and for my paper illustrations and screen shots are not only colour but animated. The nature of my work (interface design) is most suitable when the paper actually allows this kind of animation along with textual explanations beside. This paper I am most fond of among all my previous papers is available since May, only online:
http://jodi.ecs.soton.ac.uk/Articles/v02/i04/Lee/






my reading    
in 2002    
I haven't had much free time this year for reading, but whenever some free time (especially in the morning) was available, I tried to read on my field to extend my knowledge. Reading is an easy item to neglect, and yet one of the most important items as a researcher (well for me anyway). I became more interested in user-interface design for mobile devices since the Revo video browser design in 2000, and started reading literature on this. Most important 4 papers were:

Rist, T. A perspective on intelligent information interfaces for mobile users. Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2001), New Orleans, LA, 5-10 August 2001.

Longoria, R. Designing mobile applications: challenges, methodologies, and lessons learned. Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2001), New Orleans, LA, 5-10 August 2001.

Sacher, H. and Loudon, G. Uncovering the new wireless interaction paradigm. ACM Interactions Magazine, 9 (1), 2002.

Pascoe, J., Ryan, N. and Morse, D. Using while moving: HCI issues in fieldwork environments. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 7 (3), 2000, pp417-437.

The above 4 papers all reflect and emphasise the idea of mobile interface requiring its own special interaction paradigm, different from the desktop one. From them there is a warning that we should not simply try to port the currently successful desktop interface idea onto mobile interfaces (dragging, customisable options, visually-oriented screen, icons, keyboard, etc.), some of which can become not just an awkwardness but an active danger in a mobile environment. From this shaping a new idea onto simplified, system-side processing, simple tapping only interface ideas - less burden to the user's interaction, by shifting the load to the system. The idea has materialised in the above mFischlar-NEWS archive paper at SIGIR 2002. Some other benefitial papers in mobile UI design I enjoyed reading (also some helping me shape the above idea) were:

Loudon, G., Sacher, H. and Leong, M.K. Design issues for mobile information retrieval. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR 2002), Workshop on Mobile Personal IR, Tampere, Finland, 15 August 2002.

Jordan, P., Peacock, L., Chmielewski, D. and Jenson, S. Disorganization and how to support it - reflections on the design of wireless information devices. Proceedings of Mobile HCI 2001: 3rd International Workshop on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices, at IHM-HCI 2001, Lille, France, 10 September 2001.

Herrmann, D. and Yoder, C. Keeping up with busy schedules: using Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) effectively. Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2001), New Orleans, LA, 5-10 August 2001.

de Bruijn, O. and Spence, R. Rapid Serial Visual Presentation: a space-time trade-off in information presentation. Proceedings of Advanced Visual Information (AVI 2000), Palermo, Italy, May 2000.

de Bruijn, O., Spence, R. and Chong, M. RSVP Browser: web browsing on small screen devices. Proceedings of Mobile HCI 2001 - 3rd International Workshop on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices, Lille, France, 10 September 2001.

Ruuska-Kalliokulju, S., Schneider-Hufschmidt, M., Vaananen-Vainio-Mattila, K. and Von Niman, B. Shaping the future of mobile devices - results of the CHI2000 Workshop on: "Future Mobile Device User Interfaces". Proceedings of Mobile HCI 2001: 3rd International Workshop on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices, at IHM-HCI 2001, Lille, France, 10 September 2001.

Jones, M., Marsden, G., Mohd-Nasir, N. and Boone, K. Improving Web interaction on small displays. Proceedings of 8th International WWW Conference, 1998.

Buyukkokten, O., Garcia-Molina, H. and Paepcke, A. Focused web searching with PDAs. Proceedings of 9th International WWW Conference, 1999.

Milic-Frayling, N. and Sommerer, R. SearchMobil: search support interface for PDAs. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR 2002), Workshop on Mobile Personal IR, Tampere, Finland, 15 August 2002.

I also became interested in more fundamental concerns of interaction design & use in society (ubiquitous computing, scenario-based design, computer phobia, etc.). Some papers in this area is quite difficult for me to understand, but the following papers I found real interesting:

Hallnas, L and Redstrom, J. From use to presence: on the expressions and aesthetics of everyday computational things. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 9(2), 2002, pp106-124.

Norman, D. Emotion & design: attractive things work better. ACM Interactions, 9(4), 2002, pp36-42.

Grudin, J. Desituating action: digital representation of context. Human-Computer Interaction, 16 2-4, 2001.

Abowd, G. and Mynatt, E. Charting past, present, and future researcdh in ubiquitous computing ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 7(1), 2000, pp29-58.

Wilson, B. Redressing the anxiety imbalance: computerphobia and educators. Behaviour & Information Technology, 18(6), 1999.

Shackel, B. People and computers - some recent highlights. Applied Ergonomics, 31, 2000, pp595-608.

Weiser, M. and Brown, J. The coming age of calm technology. from Weiser home page at: http://www.ubiq.com/hypertext/weiser/weiser.html

Carroll, J. Five reasons for scenario-based design. Interacting with Computers, 13, 2000, pp43-60.

The first paper on "from use to presence" is a kind of new direction suggested in designing interfaces which I find not only interesting but very useful. Regarding a computer away from the conventional 'appliance' (a bearer of certain functionality) to 'expressional' (a bearer of certain expressions) that emphasises aesthetics (how it looks itself, and how it looks when we act on it) is I think a very interesting idea and allows us to expand design space by lighting a new perspective (looking at a system as a "thing displaying the execution of programs"). Thought that regarding computer as 'appliance' a fresh new concept?..

The second paper in the above list: "Attractive things work better" is a very interesting paper (this is an excerpt from a soon-to-be-published book by Norman): complaints to Norman has been that "following all his guidelines make the artifact dull and boring" - usability is surely first, but that doesn't mean that the final product has to be boring and plain. Norman mentions this as "tension between aesthetics and usability", but they do not necessarily conflict. I am quite interested in how good and attractive graphics can enhance the overall user experience and (as Norman says) make the usability problems more acceptable by making the user's attitude more positive. I am quite sure that affective is very important and has been neglected or cannot be properly addressed with current status of knowledge based we have.

The Carroll paper at the end of the above list I read with a great interest, too - has an excellent explanations with very good examples on human side when using a system, psychology, and especially learning process. Some more highlightable papers I remember reading favourably this year (all closely related to Video, Multimedia, Hypermedia, and User Interface Design) are from here down:

Enser, P.G.B. and Sandom, C.J. Retrieval of Archival Moving Imagery - CBIR Outside the Frame? Proceedings of International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval (CIVR 2002), London, UK, 18-19 July, 2002.

Enser (Brighton) I remember reading a comprehensive paper on image retrieval ("Pictorial information retrieval", Journal of Documentation, 15(2), 1995) which I read in 1996 and became a kind of entrance milestone and ground stone to the whole image/video area for me. The above new CIVR paper questions whether current content-based techniques (feature-based techniques) can be of much use in real situation for video retrieval applications, as they found that the users' needs are mostly high-level, specific events & people, not low-level features. Shows that we still have a very long way to go.

Smeaton, A. Challenges for content-based navigation of digital video in the Fischlar Digital Library. Proceedings of International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval (CIVR 2002), London, UK, 18-19 July, 2002.

Wildemuth, B., Marchionini, G., Wilkens, T., Yang, M., Geisler, G., Fowler, B., Hughes, A. and Mu, X. Alternative surrogates for video objects in a digital library: users' perspective on their relative usability. Proceedings of the European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL 2002), Rome, Italy, 16-18 September, 2002.

Marcus, A. Dare we define user-interface design? ACM Interactions, 9(5), 2002, pp19-24.

Slaughter, L, Marchionini, G and Geisler, G. Open Video: a framework for a test collection. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 23, 2000, pp219-245.

Smeaton, A., Over, P., Costello, C., de Vries, A., Doermann, D., Hauptmann, A., Rorvig, M., Smith J. and Wu, L. The TREC2001 Video Track: information retrieval on digital video information. Proceedings of the European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL 2002), Rome, Italy, 16-18 September, 2002.

Shneiderman, B. Creating creativity: user interfaces for supporting innovation. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 7(1), 2000, pp114-138.

He, L., Sanocki, E., Gupta, A. and Grudin, J. Comparing presentation summaries: slides vs. reading vs. listening. Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (CHI 2000), The Hague, The Netherlands, 1-6 April 2000.

Wactlar, H. Informedia - search and summarization in the video medium. Proceedings of Imagina 2000 Conference, Monaco, 31 January - 2 February, 2000.

Bargeron, D., Grudin, J. and Gupta, A. General and specific interfaces: experiences with a multimedia platform. Microsoft Research technical report (MSR-TR-2001-90), 2001.

Tractinsky, N., Katz, A.S. and Ikar, D. What is beautiful is usable. Interacting with Computers, 13, 2000, pp127-145.

Ngo, D. Measuring the aesthetic elements of screen designs. Displays, 22, 2001, pp73-78.

Bongers, A. Interaction in multimedia art. Knowledge-Based Systems, 13, 2000, pp479-485.

Rau, A. Wreader's Digest - how to appreciate hyperfiction. Journal of Digital Information (JoDI), 1(7), 2000.

Miall, D. and Dobson, T. Reading hypertext and the experience of literature. Journal of Digital Information (JoDI), 2(1), 2001.

While in most cases we embrase the benefit of hypertext, Miall & Dobson (English department, not computer department) paper above concluded the opposite: hypertext promotes processes of attention that inhibit the engagement and absorption of readers. I have never read any paper negative on the conventional wisdom of the great benefits of hypertext, and I do quite agree to this paper (extending my view again).








Singapore University of Technology and Design

Design by Hyowon Lee 2012